Antigua and Barbuda is an independent Commonwealth state in the Eastern Caribbean, and
a member of the United Nations.
Antigua and Barbuda is a constitutional monarchy with a British style parliamentary
system of government. The Queen has her representative, an appointed Governor
General, representing the Queen as the Head of State. The Government is
composed of two chambers: the elected 17 member House of Representatives, led
by the Prime Minister; and the 17 members Senate. The Governor General under
the guidance of the Prime Minister appoints 11 of the Senate members, four
members are appointed under the direction of the Leader of the Opposition and
two by the Governor General. General elections are mandated every five years
and can be called earlier.
Antigua is 279.7 sq. km and Barbuda is 160.6 sq. km with the total of 443 sq. km.
The capital city is St. John’s. The official language is English and the currency
is East Caribbean dollar (EC$). The population is about 90,000.
Antigua and Barbuda has more than 365 beaches and tropical islands that make it one of
the most beautiful places in the world and because of that tourism generates
around 60% of the island’s income. However, sugar cane farming and the finance
services industry are other sources of income.